Why buy virus prone,
binary software ?
Better use free software checkable with sources !
Local On Site/Page Index
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You could run your old MS programs on emulators (
ReWind & Wine VMware
etc), but that isn't Really escaping Microsoft (ie M$ viruses
will still run
Break completely free. Names of some software that caters to
similar requirements to M$ products (not all software checked,
presumably mostly not key clone compatibility).
Linux Equivalent Project
Another web site with a bigger table than the above, Nearly all
the tools there will run on BSD too I expect.
||200 in databases/
|190 in editors/,
inc: Open Office, KDE Office, AbiWord, StarWriter etc
|Presentation Manager (projector /
(a module within editors/openoffice),
(1 module within), KDE can 'display' and 'edit' misc/ewipe,
(a converter). x11/oooqs (quick launcher for Open Office)
OO can 'display' and 'edit'
(module =Calc), editors/koffice-kde3
(1 module within)
||Outlook & Outlook Express
||To convert .pst files to Unix mbox format:
uses http://sourceforge.net/ projects/ ol2mbox/ with
executable: bin/readpst. See also: http://www.marklyon.org/
||Don't need any! (though cross tools on BSD
can protect MS clients, by vetting the mail stream).
Tech Talks in Munich
- Magicpoint is great for a Unix person familiar with a
text editor, to create presentations, but doesn't have a
click & fumble composer tool.
- For click & fumble, try OpenOffice.
- OpenOffice is better at importing Microsoft's proprietary
[than KDE Office]
It can automatically read MS Word mail
eg from Exmh via Metamail (slow to start of course as Big),
- OpenOffice Impress is extremely compatible with MS
PowerPoint, including the audio, wipes and other "frills"
Open Impress is part of Open Office
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Many but not all !
- UNIX is not best choice for lazy technophobes- ;-).
- Many rather clueless people pay Microsoft very heavily to
support a dumb click & fumble approach. Some then feel
sick when asking BSD users : "What, yours is Free, with No
viruses & No crashes ? How come we pay for crashes &
virus infections ?"
- BSD requires no purchase price, just that users be
prepared to sometimes read documentation & attempt to
- Ported packages, tens of
thousands of packages inc. many window managers gives a
wide choice of desktops, (but perhaps not all classes of
computer users would benefit from BSD, (neither would BSD
benefit from everything being dumbed down for a minority of
hopeless losers. MickeySoft Inc is welcome to keep the most
If you don't know much about Unix:
- "Introduction to Unix" Course notes by Frank G.
Fiamingo, Linda DeBula, and Linda Condron updated by Rob
Copy @ 2009.06.04: Host not found:
8help.osu.edu/ wks/ unix_course/ intro-1.html
Dead link: http:// wks.uts.ohio-state.edu/
Or use a search engine for others & similar.
- Ask a friend for a demo. There's lots of user groups
round the world. We have a BSD group in Munich
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Apologies - Page is
ragged below here, needs sorting later.
- NetBSD LiveKey "a
non-destructive NetBSD/i386 on USB stick. It is composed of a
tarball or zipfile to be uncompressed on an USB key without
changing the original Filesystem (usually VFAT). You will
probably need about 256MB RAM to run the key smoothly."
/bootable_freesbie_dvd/FreeSBIE-2.0.1-RELEASE.iso Live CD
based on FreeBSD-? based on FreeBSD 6.2-RELEASE
- www.rofreesbie.org Live DVD
1.2 Release based on FreeBSD 6.1.
No one pays me to make this a perfect page, so dig about. Or
if you want my professional advice
you'r welcome to purchase the necessary time from
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The BSDs are similar FREE Unix
Operating Systems, with some or all of:
Linux is a somewhat more distant relative. The BSDs & Linux
co-operate & share some sources
Some of the
differences between the systems are noted below There are lots of variants, such as
SUSE, Red Hat, Slackware, Caldera etc, but Debian is vendor independent.
- tens of
thousands of packages
- Full free binary & source code,
- Running on PCs + Alpha Amiga Arm32 Atari Hp300 Mac x68k
Sparc Sun3 & Vax,
ISDN & modem
& sound support,
- Commercial packages available, such as Word
Perfect [Domain exists but host name does not
(35M) & Starwriter.
FREE ! So shops etc find it hard to add their
commission, & many magazines are loath to give us fair
comparison, as we pay them no advertising fees. That's why you
don't hear us hyped as `Flavour of the year software' - because
we take none of Your Money from you in license fees, to
later spend on promoting our software back to you again.
STABLE: Just locally, some FreeBSD PC Unix server
systems have been running here in Munich over a year. Can you
say the same about your commercially purchased Microsoft
(FreeBSD has also confusingly used the word `stable' as a
misnomer to describe a collection of CVS (Code Versioning
System) source tags that provide for changing code based on a
stable API (application Programming Interface) where
first priority is Not stability (as in reliability. For
maximum stability as in reliability, install a
HIGH PERFORMANCE: Some of the hardest working sites
on the internet are FreeBSD powered, see freebsd.org for current examples
inc. Yahoo etc
IT'S TIME TO INVESTIGATE THE BSDs &OR LINUX,
- When you have a problem: You'r sufficiently computer
literate, & can overcome inherent laziness, & not
just desperately mouse click yourself into a stupor &
give up, or whine about user unfriendly software .... but are
actually prepared to occasionally educate yourself, &
read & understand a manual.
- If you want to take more control over your computer,
& escape from a world of expensive commercial licences,
bootleggers, and binaries that can't be checked against
public sources for viruses.
YOU DO NOT NEED TO BE A PROGRAMMER Many people merely
use it, & contribute no money or effort in return, but if
you prefer to help, now or later, you'r welcome to contribute
time creating or translating docs. & web info, or giving /
lending / purchasing new hardware for the development teams.
Contributing programmers are of course particularly
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- My view:
A `Unix' like computer operating system (with
X-Windows, KDE etc) with an ever growing collection of tens
of thousands of ported packages ), & Sources -
Free ! Some commercial packages are also available, some
(such as Word-Perfect) running on emulators, some native
compiled. Ideal for Internet servers etc. On Intel type
PCs, Alphas, & a few other computer CPU types.
Overview by jcamou@freebsd
Official view : FreeBSD web sites:
Labels for CDROMs
- The ported packages are mostly free, & well
integrated in the ports/ system (also now adopted by
OpenBSD). A current Ftp'able Index file is probably at ftp.freebsd.org.
There's an index at www.freebsd.org/ports/.
Also try freshports.org
for daily ports info updates.
- My Source
Enhancements & patches, not yet integrated in current
generic FreeBSD source code.
- On Line Handbook & FAQ
(Frequently Answered Questions)
- Books listed further down this
main page reference
- .Release Numbers &
Dates A continuous stream of releases from November
Some CD collections
- Wind River (Ex BSDi (ex Walnut Creek)) USA: sales @@
cdrom.com http://www.bsdi.com 4041 Pike Lane, Ste F,
Concord, CA 94520. Tel +1.925.674.0783 Fax
+1.925.674.0821 Their 4.2-Release 4 CD pack (ISBN
1-57176-286-8 & 7 47851-02324 5, includes many ported
packages. They haven't been including distfiles since end
of version 3 (there's too many to fit!). They include
270M CVS & 65M of commercial demos etc. They also
offer a 6 CD power pack, a DVD, a 1 CD Applixware Office
for FreeBSD, T shirts, badges, stuffed BSD daemon toys
etc, & global support contracts. Big donors assisting
FreeBSD. Have a look at their site. 4.3 also available
still 4 CDs.
- Lehmanns Fachbuchhandlung, Berlin, Germany.
bestellung @@ jf-lehmanns.de http://www.lehmanns.de Tel
+49.30.6179110 FreeBSD 4.2 Edition. January 2001, 4
CD-ROMs. ISBN 3-931253-72-4. More German READMEs I
believe (but English remains too). 5 CD pack 4.3
DVDs available from
People are pictured here.
are listed here.
- Contributions & changes to the src/ tree are fairly
tightly coordinated by a core team.
Lists cover many different aspects.
- Browsers include: Arena, Ashe, Chimera, Grail,
Lynx, Mmm, Mosaic, Netscape. They are all installed at my
- AppleShare servers Dead Link
http://www.imforei.apana.org.au/freebsd/freebsd+cap/ How to
get the CAP (Columbia AppleTalk Package) working well under
FreeBSD. Of use to other FreeBSD users that want to use their
FreeBSD machines as AppleShare servers. (by
No MX mail host
for imforei.apana.org.au found - Peter Childs
- Security Fixes: ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/
pub/ CERT/ patches/ SA-96:11
- Security Sweep of Sources: Click Here
- http://www.closedbsd.org if you need to throw a NATBox
together in about 30 seconds from a floppy.
- http://thewall.sf.net theWall is a single floppy firewall
and NAT box based on PicoBSD/FreeBSD 4.5
- Firewall Toolkit Checklist http://www.strydr.com/
misc/ checklists/ fwtkchk.html
about wireless networking and FreeBSD
- Motif/ Lesstif The X-Windows supplementary
programming library Motif 2.1.10 is available from http://www.apps2go.com, The
ports tree contains the free Lesstif. (I use a more recent
Performance - If it's fast enough for Internet site
almost certainly fast enough for you ! Here's a cut from
the welcome message June 1999:
- Welcome to wcarchive - home FTP site for Walnut Creek
CDROM. There are currently 4746 users out of 6000
- This machine is a Xeon/500 with 4GB of memory &
1/2 terabyte of RAID 5. The operating system is
- 100Mbps colocation services provided by CRL Network Services
- Commercial support is available - ask Julian H. Stacey
Systems Limited who maintains a geographically
ordered world wide list of consultants.
- Although no proprietary commercial code remains, it's
derivation could be approximated as:
Unix V7 ==> Unix UCB/BSD 4.3 ==> 386BSD (Jollitz) +
4.4BSD ==> FreeBSD
MallFor T shirts, CDs Books etc brought to you by Wind River from www.windriver.com/
products/ html/ free_bsd.html
- A small 486 for
- Developer Sponsorship
Coms Monitoring Software
Haven't checked if all of this runs on BSD but I bet most do,
(forwarded to me by np@)
On Thu, May 25, 2006 at 01:23:27PM -0500, Alex Stade wrote:
> Thanks to all who replied. I received 26 replies, so I am opting to not
> list your names - but thank you all!
> Overwhelmingly, Nagios is recommended for monitoring and notification.
> For trend analysis about 60% of you recommend Cacti. Very few suggested
> commercial solutions, which to me suggests that there really isn't much
> good software out there for sale.
> We're already using Nagios in-house, so we'll look at keeping it around.
> However, the suggestion of Cacti was great, so we'll certainly look at
> that as well.
> The software packages that you mentioned were;
> Nagios, http://www.nagios.org
> Cacti, http://www.cacti.net
> Big Brother, http://www.bb4.org, http://www.bb4.com
> Big Sister, http://bigsister.sourceforge.net
> Zabbix, http://www.zabbix.com
> Cricket, http://cricket.sourceforge.net
> ORCA, http://www.orcaware.com/orca
> ProIT Monitoring, http://www.performanceit.com (sparc only)
> Munin, http://munin.projects.linpro.no
> GroundWork Monitor, http://www.groundworkopensource.com
> Lund MetaView, http://www.lund.com
> OpenNMS, http://www.opennms.org
> Again, thank you all and if I neglected to mention a software package or
> seemingly omitted your advice, I apologise.
> sunmanagers mailing list
Other Operating Systems
Like all free operating systems, without commercial
constraints to hinder technology transfer, FreeBSD shares its
best parts with others, & copies good bits from others.
Some developers even support their continuing developments on
multiple operating systems. As a partial example FreeBSD
includes some optional kernel modules & tools from the GNU collection of the FSF (Free
Software Foundation) , some kernel (VM ?) code from Mach,
some drivers & tools from NetBSD, & emulators from
FreeBSD developers `Share & Enjoy' free source code
with these operating systems :
Other Op Systems of interest include:
- 386BSD: Our ancestral OS, itself based on
386BSD was an impressive achievement by Bill Jollitz, a
CD-ROM was eventually released, but as what at least once
appeared a largely one man project, I'm not sure how active
386BSD is, consult newsgroups comp.os.386bsd.* to find
- FreeBSD Very
popular with Internet Service Providers in Germany &
NetBSD has a
similar initial BSD heritage to FreeBSD; NetBSD offers the
BSD /usr/src tree ported to a wide variety of hardware (not
just Intel 86 type hardware), NetBSD doesn't offer the wide
range of ported packages that FreeBSD does. There are other
differences, but many similarities too, as both are BSD 4.4
derivatives. Their strong point is that NetBSD supports
lots of architectures (50 or so I think, end of 2004).
Their CVS tree has finally been released too. (FreeBSD
& OpenBSD have always had their CVS available)
- OpenBSD is an
offshoot from NetBSD. I heard CVS write access is (or was ?)
Linux is rather
less similar, essentially a Unix rewrite from scratch, not to
BSD norms, supposedly more of a System-5 flavour, (written by
Linus Torvalds with about 8 subsequent variants). Very
popular in Germany with end users, due to the vendors of 30
pack floppies, in the pre cdrom era.
Free Software Foundation's
Stallman states Linux comprises a kernel from Linus
Torvalds, & Dead Link:
various programs from elsewhere, the largest percentage being
- Mach: Supports a micro kernel & multiple
servers, including a Unix Server.
- Hurd: The
kernel-in-progress from the Free Software Foundation Don't
know if this didn't get obviated by Linux ?
Occasionally one encounters strident advocacy of Free Versus
NetBSD, or Linux versus *-BSD etc: they're all good, a delight
to have free source for, & from an X-Windows users top
level perspective, if you'r running an XDM + FVWM session,
restricted to just Netscape & IRC, in an `Internet Cafe'
environment, you won't even be able to tell which Op. Sys you
are running !
- Information on BSD 4.* and Dead Link
http://minnie.cs.adfa.oz.au/ BSD-info/ BSD.html BSD Related
systems, especially the free flavours of BSD.
- Dead Link "http://www.leo.org/ pub/ comp/ os/ bsd/
cracauer/ netbsd-vs-freebsd.german.html" A comparison "Ein
kleiner NetBSD / FreeBSD - Vergleich" German CT Magazin 1997,
Heft (Volume) 4, Seite (Page) 368; by Andreas Klemm &
Lars Koeller. also in German on CT(ref not checked) web
database for BSD Unix systems. This database has been
generalised to include ALL Unix applications.
Unix Comparison with NT In depth article with lots of URLs
by John Kirch.
Indexes to Unixes
Windows EAL4 Evaluation
Apart from the 3 BSDs & all the Linuxes, there's loads of
other public source projects too, such as FSF, X-Consortium,
XFree86, KDE etc, here's one or two new ones:
sponsored by Sun, Logo for Star Office on front page.
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BSD Web Magazines:
- German 45
Pages: FreeBSD Die Ersten Schritte - K. Heuer
- The Unix Heritage
- Index of
RFC standards (on which the Internet is
- Software Patents
Next chunk belongs somewhere else & is just parked here
for now, till I can figure where to park it & look into
Presentation File Format Alternatives
PowerPoint contains text, Bezier curves/Fills and simple animations.
Postscript can display text, Bezier curves/Fills 3%/GSView
Flash can display text, Bezier curves/Fills and complex animations.
Office Draw text, Bezier curves/Fills and simple animations 15%/Office
SVG can display text, Bezier curves/Fills and complex animations.
SVG is W3C and Open source and is stored as text. www.svg.org
http://m0n0.ch/ bsd/ BSD embedded on
02/15/2015 After 12 years, the m0n0wall project has
Index at top See
2016-01: How to run Microsoft Internet Explorer on NetBSD? - a
discussion on emulators (that FreeBSD has too)